Every Genealogical Search is Different

Every genealogical search is personal - whether you're looking for your great-grandparents or seeking credentials to join a lineage society. Every search is different and some are certainly easier than others. You may want to do your own research and don't know where to begin. Or you may have made a lot of progress until you hit a brick wall.

My goal for you is "Family Research on a Budget." If you've decided to do some research into your family history and need help, you can hire a professional researcher who can kick-start your research, resolve difficult identification problems, read antique handwriting, plat land holdings, and identify documents critical to your success. As a professional genealogist, I am qualified to do that research.

"Carol is a very experienced genealogist and she has a way of sharing her experience with her audience that informs, entertains, and challenges them to look deeper into their own family histories. Anyone, even non-genealogists, who have the opportunity to hear her speak should not pass up the chance to do so." -- Brad Morrison, Castle Rock

Carol Cooke Darrow, Professional Genealogist

Carol Cooke Darrow, Professional Genealogist
Carol Cooke Darrow is a professional genealogist who works as a lecturer and researcher. She has a degree in history from the University of Texas and is the co-author of The Genealogist's Guide to Researching Tax Records published in 2007. She is available to present at your genealogical meetings nationwide. Her current schedule of lectures and presentations is listed below.

Genealogist's Guide to Researching Tax RecordsCarol Cooke Darrow and Susan Winchester are co-authors of the Genealogist's Guide to Researching Tax Records. The book is a how-to guide to help you identify, locate, and understand the wealth of information available in these annual records. Tax records can be as helpful as census records in locating ancestors who lived before the first census in 1790 or who lived in areas with lost census records. The book was published by Heritage Books and is available at www.HeritageBooks.com

Let me help you with research in:

  • Denver Public Library (Central Branch) Genealogical Library (books and census records)
  • National Archives-Rocky Mountain Regional Repository, 17101 Huron Street, Broomfield
  • Professional Research Services

    Here are a few of the professional research services available:

  • Begin your family research with basic information and a report (4 hours)
  • Create a research plan that you can follow on your own (1-2 hours)
  • Provide you with an introduction to Ancestry.com (1-2 hours)
  • Identify hidden family members through DNA analysis (4-30 hours)
  • Help with Family Tree Maker or Legacy software (1-2 hours)
  • Assist with writing projects to document your family history (4-12 hours)
  • Do look-ups and make photocopies from U.S. census records or Colorado marriages and obituaries. (1 hour)
  • Hourly rates start at $35 per hour.

    Free Research Services

    Cancelled until further notice due to Covid-19 precautions. I offer free research services at these two locations:

  • Central (Downtown) Denver Public Library, Tuesdays, 10 am - 1 pm
  • National Archives (I-25 North at Hwy. 7), Thursdays, 9:00 am - 4 pm
  • "Listening to Carol's presentations and her advice allowed me to successfully conduct the initial research of the family trees of both my father and mother. Her guidance and encouragement helped me write a book about my mother's genealogy--much of which had been lost with the family's emigration to the U.S." -- Sandra Gill, Thornton

    Presentations and Lectures

    College Hill Lecture Schedule

    College Hill Library, WPL
    3705 West 112th Avenue
    Westminster, Colorado
    No classes May through August
    All classes by ZOOM; register on Westminster Public Library website (find class by date). You will receive an email link to the Zoom meeting Friday evening before the program.

    Date Topic Location
    March 5, 2022
    1:30 - 3:30 pm
    City Directories and other Location Guides
    City directories date back to the 1785 in Philadelphia and 1789 in Boston. They contain an alphabetic list of the cities’ adult workers. They also carry advertising, a history of the city, lists of city offices, and a directory of churches and their ministers. Tracking your ancestor through a range of years can tell you a lot about his occupation and living arrangements. In 2022, city directories may help you locate the critical address of your family members in 1950.
    College Hill Library Zoom Meeting
    May 7, 2022
    1:30 - 3:30 pm
    Finding Your Ancestors on Maps including Enumeration District Maps
    College Hill Library Zoom Meeting (Zoom Registration opens March 6, 2022)
    July 9, 2022
    1:30 - 3:30 pm
    To be announced
    College Hill Library
    Sept 10, 2022
    1:30 - 3:30 pm
    To be announced
    College Hill Library
    Nov. 5, 2022
    1:30 - 3:30 pm
    To be announced
    College Hill Library

    Free Beginning Genealogy Class [ZOOM Meetings]

    Event/Date Location
    All Beginning Genealogy classes are on ZOOM. Register to visit the Beginning Genealogy group at Beginning Genealogy ZOOM Registration (thru the Colorado Genealogical Website) and you will receive a link to enter the meeting.
    2nd Saturday of every month, 10:00 am – noon
    ZOOM meeting until further notice

    Free Genealogy Presentations [ZOOM meetings]

    Event/Date Topic Location
    Tuesday, February 2, 2022
    1:00 pm - 3:00 pm
    Hidden Faces: Orphans, the Dependent, Prisoners, and the Insane (ZOOM Presentation requires pre-registration) Contact Aurora Genealogical Society via emial with your name and email address: Aurora Genealogical Society (aurgensoc@gmail.com)
    Saturday, March 19, 2022
    10:00 am – 12:00 pm
    Marriage, Separation and Divorce (ZOOM Presentation requires pre-registration) Contact Castle Rock Colorado Genealogical Society directly for link to this meeting: Castle Rock Colorado Genealogical Society

    WriteNOW Writing Group [ZOOM Meetings]

    On ZOOM as of July 1, 2020 until further notice. Register to visit the WriteNOW group at WriteNOW ZOOM Registration (thru the Colorado Genealogical Website) and you will receive a link to enter the meeting.
    On ZOOM thru the Colorado Genealogical Society website
    Sunday, 1:30 to 3:30 pm on ZOOM You must register first to enter the ZOOM meeting.

    Event/Date Topic Location
    Sunday, Feb. 13, 2022 Discuss formatting issues, page numbers, section breaks and book design for your project. Share your first draft and compare to outline. Assignment: Continue writing on your project. Assignment: Continue writing on your project. ZOOM meeting until further notice
    Sunday, March 13, 2022 Discuss electronic publishing (e.g. Lulu.com) and the many specific decisions you need to make. Bring your project in progress for editing. Assignment: Continue work on your project. ZOOM meeting until further notice
    Sunday, April 10, 2022 Bring your project in progress; do revisions; discuss other aspects of project. Assignment: Complete your project. ZOOM meeting until further notice
    Sunday, May 15, 2022 3rd Sunday in May Present your project to the group. ZOOM meeting until further notice


    Event/Date Topic Location
    TBA . .

    Lecture Topics

    New Topics!

  • Finding Your Way Through the 1950 U.S. Census. (all levels)
    The 1950 U.S. census will be released to the public on April 1, 2022. Challenges include a huge growth in urban populations and a preliminary index created by Optical Character Reading software.

  • Immigrants to America, Melting Pot or Salad Bowl. (all levels)
    Immigrants were typically pushed to leave their home country but the welcome in the new country was not always assured. Americans envisioned a melting pot where differences would be submerged. Immigrants often sought to recreate their homeland in America.

  • Breathing Life Into Your Ancestor. (all levels)
    Information such as occupation, education, even cause of death supplemented with newspaper stories, county histories, maps, journals and diaries can help you round out the picture of your ancestor and the world he lived in.

  • Migration Trails Across America (all levels)
    Whether seeking gold, freedom or more land, Americans moved across the continent. As new territories opened up, people felt the need to move westward.

  • Cemetery Symbolism. (all levels; non-genealogy groups)
    Deciphering the messages written in stone on tombstones can enrich your understanding of your ancestor.

  • Pushing and Pulling Forces Out of the British Isles. (all levels)
    Emigration is the process of leaving one’s country of residence to live elsewhere. Immigration is the process of moving to a new homeland. The new homeland may be a matter of chance, opportunity, invitation, or desire. There is a push/pull effect – reasons why someone would feel the need to leave their homeland and reasons that would attract emigrants to a particular new home.

  • Land, Lots of Land (all levels)
    The American continent offered land to entice immigrants from around the world. Land was given away by colonial governors, awarded as military bounty land, distributed by lottery, sold by cash sales by the U.S. government and distributed by the Homestead Act of 1862. How did your ancestor get land - and how much did he get?

  • Putting Your Research Into Writing. (intermediate - advanced)
    Whether you're writing a compiled genealogy or a family history, putting the facts on paper and bringing the ancestor to life can be challenging and fun.

  • Researching European Records Without a Passport. (intermediate - advanced)
    To succeed at European genealogy research, you must learn about the standard records of the country of your ancestors through websites, books, maps, and genealogy societies devoted to that country. The growing number of online resources will help to speed you on your way.

  • Connecting the Dots: Using Timelines, Comparison Charts and FAN Charts to Identify Your Ancestor. (all levels)
    Collecting and recording information about your ancestor on specialized charts and timelines can help you clear up the confusion and clarify the story of your ancestor.

    Additional topics which are currently available:

  • Brick Wall or Picket Fence. (intermediate - advanced)
    The things that seem to be standing in the way of your genealogical research may be easy to overcome when you have carefully identified the road block and learned effective ways to overcome it.

  • Castle Garden and Ellis Island: Immigrant doorways to New York and the U.S. (all levels)
    Castle Garden opened as a New York City facility for processing the crowds of immigrants arriving between 1855 and 1890. Ellis Island, a federal immigrant receiving station replaced it in 1891.

  • Digging into Cemeteries. (beginner - intermediate)
    Use online tools to locate the final resting place for your ancestor and find obituaries.

  • The Immigrant Experience. (beginner - intermediate)
    Leaving your home country to set sail for America was sometimes a wrenching decision. The trip was filled with dangers and hardship, and the welcome was not always friendly. Learn about your ancestor's decision to leave the home country and the experience of journeying to America.

  • Location, Location, Location: The Key to Genealogical Success by Researching in Your Ancestor's County (all levels)
    Most genealogy records are created on the local level so it's vital that you learn as much as possible about the county boundaries, history, maps, population, geography, religions, crops, and occupations of your ancestor's hometown. When you become an expert on that location, you will find the records you're looking for.

  • The Naturalization Process. (intermediate - advanced)
    Becoming a citizen was not always easy and finding naturalization records can be a challenging task.

  • Not All Widows Have Dead Husbands. (intermediate - advanced)
    Our ancestors' marriages are often idealized -- we think of them marrying for life and living happily ever after. But research often uncovers women living apart from their husbands, women abandoning their homes and families, and even divorcing or being divorced. Learn how to recognize and account for women who don't fit into the "married for life" model.

  • Organizing Your Genealogy Research Starts With a Plan. (all levels)
    You're faced with a pile of documents, a camera card full of unlabeled photos, and more than one flash drive full of microfilm pages. When it's hard to know where to start organizing, you need to start with a goal and focus on a plan to meet that goal. The plan may include a file folder system, an index of your photos, a timeline of the life of an ancestor, or a tracking chart of records for an ancestor.

  • Using Maps to Add Direction to Your Genealogy. (all levels)
    Maps come in all shapes and detail. Finding the right map can lead you all the way back to your ancestors.

  • Why Did They Do What They Did? Social and Cultural Influences on Our Ancestors. (intermediate - advanced)
    People are affected by the belief system, the laws, the climate, and the technology, as well as religious and ethnic influences of the time they live in. We want to know why they do what they did.

  • Wills and Probate Records Point to Relationships. (beginner - intermediate)
    Learn how the administration and probate process can tell us about the life of the deceased and clarify family relationships.

  • "I always learn something new when you are the speaker!" -- Susan Seager, Weld County

    Selected Genealogical Links

    Unraveling Your Past Business Card